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People with diabetes have high blood glucose, either because their pancreas does not make enough insulin or their cells do not respond to insulin normally, or both.

Types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1: usually diagnosed in childhood. Insulin is required because the pancreas makes little or no insulin.
  • Type 2: Much more common than Type 1. It is usually found in adults. Often the pancreas does not make enough insulin and the body's cells do not use it well. Type 2 is becoming much more common due to the increasing number of older Americans, increasing obesity and the failure to exercise.
  • Gestational diabetes develops during pregnancy is a woman who does not have diabetes.

Risk Factors:

  • A parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Age greater than 45 years
  • Some ethnic groups (especially African-Americans and Hispanic Americans)
  • Gestational diabetes or delivering a baby weighing more than 9 pounds
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood levels of triglycerides
  • High blood cholesterol

The American Diabetes Association recommends that all adults be screened for diabetes at least every three years. A person at high risk should be screened more often.


Type 1:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Weight loss in spite of increased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Type 2:

  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Increased appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow-healing infections
  • Impotence in men

Baptist Health Paducah is accredited by the American Diabetes Association. In order to receive accreditation, the hospital must provide comprehensive diabetes care, including the services of a Certified Diabetes Educator.

With the order of your physician, you may attend the "Living With Diabetes" classes. Participants receive instructions on symptoms, how to eat and shop for groceries, how to take and store your medications, how to handle your diabetes when you are sick and many other topics. For more information, call Baptist Health Line at (270) 575-2918.

A registered dietician at Baptist Health Paducah may be very helpful in planning your dietary needs. A physician order is required. Call the dietician at (270) 575-2141.

There is a local diabetes support group which meets on a monthly basis. Call Baptist Health Paducah's Certified Diabetes Educator at (270) 575-2282 for more information.